MoveHIT: The new outdoor training for overweight adolescents
New training method for overweight adolescents
The number of overweight and obese adolescents seems to stagnate currently, but is still at an alarming high level. According to the KIGGS study (2003 – 2006) 15 percent of the children and adolescents are overweight and 6.3 percent even obese. The health consciousness of adolescents often does not correspond with the recommendations for nutrition and exercise, but the course for heavy secondary diseases of obesity as diabetes, high blood pressure or fatty liver is already set in childhood and adolescence. Beside a healthier nutrition more exercise in adolescents is necessary to reduce overweight and counteract accompanying diseases.
Up to now experts recommended 90 minutes of training per day with continuously, moderate effort for overweight adolescents. However, studies in adults showed that a high-intensive interval training (HIIT) is even more effective in preventing diseases that are associated with overweight. High-intensive interval training means short and exhausting training units in turns with active relaxation phases. So far studies about the effectiveness of HIIT in adolescents are missing. Therefore, the research group „preventive medicine” at the Integrated Research and Treatment Centre (IFB) AdiposityDiseases wants to examine the effect of high-intensive interval training in overweight adolescents. The new moveHIT study will analyze if the six-month HIIT-training has comparable effects in youths as it has in adults. The target group are overweight and obese adolescents aged 14 to 18 and with a body mass index beyond the 90th percentile. The youths train two times a week for 60 minutes without sport devices, they only use their body weight in exercises which take place in the parks of Leipzig. The IFB cooperates with the popular CityBootCamp Leipzig as partner for the realization. In addition, the motivation and self-efficacy of the participants will be examined, since they have a decisive influence on the individual training result.
Keywords: children & adolescents, exercise, obesity treatment, IFB-research